Tuesday, March 10, 2020
The Work and the Sadness - Freewrite Store This is a guest post byÃ Lancelot Schaubert. Schaubert is the author of the forthcoming novelFaceless, and lives in Brooklyn with his wife and attack spaniel.The City of Joplin, Missouri commissioned him to write and direct a photonovel that fictionalized and enchanted the history of their town. He has sold articles to Writer's Digest (one forthcoming and one in the 2016 Poet's Market), the World Series Edition of Poker Pro, McSweeney's, Bernie Sanders' campaign site, and others. His fiction or poetry has appeared or is forthcoming in The Misty Review, Carnival, Encounter (who has purchased a dozen or more) and many others. He loves soup. Send him soup. You can learn more about him athttp://lanceschaubert.org/ orlet him directly send you his best work. ________________________________ Do you believe in writer's block? I don't. But perhaps not for the reason you think. The fantasy writer Patrick Rothfuss has said ten thousand times that plumbers don't get plumbers block. I like that, especially since my plumber was also my sensei for shoto jitsu the man was brilliant at both and invested time heavily in both, both black belt of the year and your local handy man. Ed Daniels. Ed Daniels never got Ã¢â¬Å"blocked.Ã¢â¬ Rothfuss elaborated on this during one of his Worldbuilders Twitch streams last fall. He believes what some people attribute to writer's block is clinical depression. You could say further that plumbers donÃ¢â¬â¢t get plumbers block unless, as a human, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re clinically depressed. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s break that down. Writer's block, in my estimation, comes down to one of two things: laziness or depression. We'll talk about depression first. Rothfuss was right to bring up the number of writers who have committed suicide, passively or actively, in history. A deep sadness runs parallel to the writing gene because we spend so much time in our headspace. Some believe that depression is an evolutionary trait that helps us reevaluate our situation: we go into a quiet place to reassess, to come to a better understanding of our current predicament, and then move forward stronger and more agile. The monks? They might have called it silence and solitude the prayerful posture of one who uses meditation to remain present in Ã¢â¬Å"this, my Father's world.Ã¢â¬ Wherever you sit on that spectrum, you can't deny that spending so much time imagining other worlds can leave you drained of your happy-happy joy-joy juices. And you get stuck. You're stuck not because you're a writer. You're stuck because you're a human. My buddy T. A. Giltner who teaches religion at St. Louis University says to all of his freshman on the first day of class, Ã¢â¬Å"Raise your hand if you want to be a good doctor. A good lawyer. A good scientist.Ã¢â¬ They raise their hands. Ã¢â¬Å"Keep your hands up if you think this class is pointless as a means to that end.Ã¢â¬ They lower their hands. Ã¢â¬Å"This class is not about religion. It's about becoming a decent human being. You want to be doctors and lawyers and scientists but you don't want to be good human beings? Good luck with that.Ã¢â¬ The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"good doctorÃ¢â¬ has the assumption of a Ã¢â¬Å"good humanÃ¢â¬ built in. Writers too. Without a healthy, patient, joyful, kind humanity there ain't a one of us who's going to become a good writer. Let alone a great one. And that includes this awful disease that hit even me as a high school student and sometimes hits me even now: depression. To tackle this form of writer's block, you must do what all humans do. You must become whole by seeking help. I have a counselor who has helped me dig my way out of the hellhole that was my 2015 and my writing has improved. But again, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not specific to writers. As for laziness, I'm convinced that those who minimize their own depression by glorifying it with labels like Ã¢â¬Å"writer's blockÃ¢â¬ make it easier for sluggards to scoot along. I know, I was one. I was a lazy teenager who had little reason to be lazy, considering the poverty of some of my early years. For one reason or another, perhaps because they follow the exact opposite trajectory of those professional football careers that blossom early and fade as fast, the careers of writers take a long time to marinate, cure, and hibernate. Coupled with wealth and privilege whether you're a trust fund kid or simply whiter than your neighbor writers have invented the most absurd methods of procrastination on the market all the way down to writing about not writing about not writing on social media. And then they hijack this term that has been used to minimize the clinical depression found in the pros or the greats and they say, Ã¢â¬Å"I have writers block.Ã¢â¬ Are you depressed? If that's the case, seek help and support, but it has nothing to do with being a writer.Ã If you're not depressed, then you're lazy. I am convinced that most writers need spend their time learning how to write at first. I'm convinced most writers must begin by learning how to work their asses off to survive and then thrive. That probably means some low-wage job or finding a way of generating passive income yourself rather than inheriting it or shoving it off to some future generation through debt. It might mean finding simple joy in trimming the verge or taking out the trash. If this is you, you don't have writer's block, sorry. You have an aversion to hard work. And only through learning how to work, how to enjoy your work, how to thrive even in an environment that's cursed and stacked against you, will you be able to write well. Stephen King has a high output precisely because he worked his ass off in a laundromat, as a teacher, and as a chimney sweep and then applied those skills to writing. Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve learned to work, then apply that work to your study and practice. Then you read the "On Writings" and the "Elements of Style" of the world. Then you literally re-write your drafts over from scratch. Then you tap into the thing you've always wanted to do and bring it to bear upon the Earth. But let's not call it block anymore. If you're depressed, seek help. And if you're lazy, shut up and get to work. I should mention that I wrote the first draft of this on a Freewrite I'm testing it today because I've followed this team from the day they started taking contributions. I've been known to jack out of the matrix more than my peers and head to upstate New York or to Northwest Arkansas to duck into some hobbit hole and type away on my Smith Corona or scribble on whatever scraps I find. Perhaps the Freewrite will help me with that.Ã But the typing itself? Hell it took thirty minutes hunched over this metal coffee table in the lobby of their offices here in the Flatiron district. My back hurts, I have a headache, and I'll have to revise this before they post it. And yet somehow it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t as bad this time around because for once I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t focused on the machine, the sound, the internet, or the reloading of paper and ribbon. Me and the words, baby, me and the words. Was it worth it? The sky was grey when I began, but the sun's reflecting off of the windows of this high rise next door. And I've taken pleasure in my work. I am not worried about future awards. I have no delusions of grandeur in this moment. In my mind right now, there hides no phantom of any high school sweetheart or bully or hardass teacher I must now impress. There is only the work and the pleasure I take in it.Ã Lancelot took pleasure not in winning tournaments. Not in the wreath or the prize. It was the virtue he sought, virtue as an end in itself. He took pleasure in drawing back the bow and shooting the arrow, in dehorsing other knights, and in running the gauntlet faster and with fewer bruises than the time before. The discipline itself brings the joy.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Counselling; Humanistic Counselling Theory Outcome 1 - Essay Example Due to the complex nature of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s modern life, people feel a need for professional counselling which can help them to understand the essence of their life. Professional counselling is one such discipline in which a competent counselor helps people suffering from distress and unhappiness, to resolve their emotional and psychological conflicts by guiding them in adopting new life supporting behavior patterns (Oates, 1974, p.9). In an attempt to be socially and professionally successful, people have ignored the importance of the emotional and spiritual fulfillment. Psychologists realized that the reason behind peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s unhappiness is that they are trying to fulfill the needs of the head by ignoring the needs of their heart (Nelson-Jones, 2001, p. 67). For a person to be completely happy, what is necessary is an integration of both, the head and the heart . Hence, to help people achieve a complete and happy life by developing a Ã¢â¬ËwholenessÃ¢â¬â¢ in their personali ty, a discipline of psychological counselling called the Ã¢â¬ËhumanisticÃ¢â¬â¢ counselling , was introduced. Social structure plays a very important role in the development of human being. The society and the culture in which a person is born plays a very vital role in the development of his thoughts, beliefs and values. Ã¢â¬ËReligionÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËfaithÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËphilosophyÃ¢â¬â¢ are the most influential aspects of his life. Hence, if one has to understand and change the human nature, one has to study not only his mental aspect but also his beliefs, values, philosophies and spiritual aspects. People working in the field of psychology realized the need of integrating the philosophical and spiritual aspects of life with psychology to make the
Thursday, February 6, 2020
History Lectures - Essay Example Islamic Beginnings In its initial years, Islam has been considered a nomadic culture until it found a home in the Arab territories. IslamÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous prophet is someone you most likely have heard of--Muhammad or Mohammed. Muhammad was known to have united the Muslim religion and culture. He is considered their prophet because it is said that the teachings of Allah were revealed to him by an angel. These teachings are now present in the Muslim bible called the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an (Khanbagi, 2006). When Muhammad, IslamÃ¢â¬â¢s holy man, passed away, various problems of succession arose. The succeeding years of the Muslim civilization brought on more conquered lands. One after another, we have seen other cultures and territories fall to the Muslims, including the Byzantines, Syria, Persia, Egypt, North Africa, and Spain. But, as the Muslims were conquering these territories, the fighting within their group got worse. Many of us have heard about Islam through the latest media coverag e; and if so, you may have heard of the two infamous groups, the Sunis and the Shiites. These two groups were borne out of the infighting Muslims, due to differing ideas on governance. The Shiites followed Ali, MuhammadÃ¢â¬â¢s son-in-law, and the Sunis followed the Ummayads, who were the first Muslim dynasty to rule the Arab Kingdom (Jelen & Wilcox, 2002). IslamÃ¢â¬â¢s Golden Years Of course, during the older rule of Islam, it was not all about fighting. There was a golden period; a time when the Arabic, Byzantine, Persian, and Indian cultures were integrated with one another. They refer to it as a golden age because learning reached its peak through Muslim associations with the Greeks and the Byzantines. The interplay became more than what one would expectÃ¢â¬âa predatory or conqueror-slave type of interaction. The relationship became as simple as a teacher and a student (Kreis, 2006). As the conquered groups learned about Islam, Islam learned from the conquered. Knowledge b ecame alive and in the process, science and philosophy was also preserved. Allah taught these Muslims to seek out knowledge and truth and to protect it (Kreis, 2006). And, this is what they did as they allowed knowledge to become a major part of their life and their daily activities. African Beginnings Most of the southern part of the African continent has been occupied by tribes known as Khoisan (Hupston, 2009). The Khoisan language is characterized by clicking sounds, very similar to that of the Bushman. From the Khoisan tribes, more divisions are later seen: the San (Bushmen) and the KhoiKhoi or Hottentots (History World, n.d). The Pygmies, which includes the Bambuti, Batwa, Bayaka and Bagyelil divisions are scattered over a huge area in central and western Africa, to include the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Congo (Brazzaville), Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda (The Africa Guide, 1996). The Pygmies were known to occupy the tropical fore sts of central Africa, but it was the Negroes which dominated sub-Saharan Africa. Primeval Tribes The Negroes, were an African tribe who found their home in the so-called Negro systems, in western and central Sudan, Upper Guinea, and the Upper Nile regions. They spoke the Bantu language, a language which dominated much of Africa in later years. It is composed of about 500
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
A Summer with My Aunt Essay I, of course, was not used to spending any amount of money because my parents were doing well enough to keep my sister and me in school, so the idea of having leisurely money was a new concept which I craved. As a child I admired this woman for many reasons and wanted to be like her. I wanted to live in a nice neighborhood with a big house, I wanted to drive a beautiful white shiny car and wear new clothes, I wanted to be strong and healthy , but most of all I wanted to be successful like she was. So I spent my days in school preparing for college so that someday I would be able to be like her. Things changed, though, when I moved down to Texas for two months to take care of her nine month old son, Luke; as it turns out Gretchen Decker was and is not as happy with her life as I thought she was. At the beginning of the summer I had agreed to fly out to California to take my grandmaÃ¢â¬â¢s place as a helping hand for my aunt. Gretchen had just married her third husband, Chris, two years prior and had recently become pregnant. My whole family was rather concerned with this matter because my aunt was now in her forties; when complications started arising my grandmother put her own life on hold to focus her attention on her daughter. When the time came, though, it was my turn to help my aunt. I left my job, friends, summer activities, and leisurely time to fly out to California and take care of my cousin. Plans were interrupted by my auntÃ¢â¬â¢s job, though, when she received recent news of a promotion that would land her in the Dallas metropolis. I, of course, did not mind because either way I would be able to finally get to know this woman I so aspired to be like, and at the same time I would be able to visit with my aunt Trudy. So at the end of the summer I packed up my bags and my dad, sister, and I drove down to Texas. The house was gorgeous with a huge entry way and vaulted ceilings and a large open-concept kitchen and living room. The rooms were not very large but they were a decent size, close to a large bathroom. There was no furniture yet because it was still being moved from California and sadly weÃ¢â¬â¢d have to live without it for a couple more weeks. It was a great neighborhood, though, quiet and clean but most importantly, safe; this was the house my mother and father were working so hard for. The city was also very established with great schools and big malls, another thing I, myself, had always wanted. The next day I met Luke and was shocked by his appearance. He was a gorgeous baby but his weight brought up a bit of a concern for me. Luke was only nine months old and weighed 30 pounds; the first though in my mind was, Ã¢â¬Å"why is she feeding him so much? Ã¢â¬ but I held my tongue and asked, Ã¢â¬Å"So, what does he eat? Ã¢â¬ My aunt replied saying, Ã¢â¬Å"well he has five bottles a day and two to three solid meals a day. Ã¢â¬ Another thought, Ã¢â¬Å"holy crap,Ã¢â¬ then I said, Ã¢â¬Å"Wow, heÃ¢â¬â¢s big. Ã¢â¬ She laughed and said, Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah heÃ¢â¬â¢s definitely not starving. She may have found it funny but I found it odd that this child was the size of a two year old and was barely able to move. I walked over to the refrigerator next and poured myself a glass of water. As I drank, I stared at a picture of my aunt and Chris. They were running side by side concentrating on the goal ahead, when suddenly Luke laughed and my attention was turned to the other side o f the room. My sister, Darian, was playing with Luke and showing him how to use his toys. My aunt smiled at the sight and said, Ã¢â¬ Darian, I love this little guy so much. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s amazing. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve never loved anyone or anything this much. Ã¢â¬ My sister immediately asked, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you love Chris? Ã¢â¬ The pause in-between the question surprised me, but finally she answered, Ã¢â¬Å"wellÃ¢â¬ ¦ yes but I just love Luke so much. Ã¢â¬ She continued to answer the question by saying that Chris was a good companion and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why she married him. Later I would learn my aunt Ã¢â¬Å" just liked to be marriedÃ¢â¬ and that is what led me to believe my aunt didnÃ¢â¬â¢t care about love as much as she did her job, because she went into a marriage thinking like a business woman rather that a girl in love. To me this also meant she just didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be alone. A week went by and the moving was done and I was left alone with my aunt. She was struggling to get used to things at her new job and ii could tell she was under much stress. So I did everything I could think of to take a load off her back like doing the laundry, cooking, cleaning and making sure Luke was in a good mood for her when she came home. No matter what I did though my aunt began to become increasingly frustrated with her job. She would leave the house around six-thirty every day and come back around six and continue to do work after Luke went to bed. She would always tell me she wished she could spent more time with Luke but that wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to happen because Chris was playing Ã¢â¬Å" peter panÃ¢â¬ in Afghanistan. Every day it was the same thing: Ã¢â¬Å"Chris is peter pan,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I wish I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be the main providerÃ¢â¬ but the fact of the matter is that my aunt makes around 104 thousand dollars a year and Chris makes around 84 thousand. I was becoming very frustrated with my auntÃ¢â¬â¢s complaints because my family of four had loved off 30 thousand for quite some time and managed to survive, so why couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t she live off 84? The answer to my question was very upsetting. She said, Ã¢â¬Å"Well thatÃ¢â¬â¢s Missouri and Missouri isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the real world. Ã¢â¬ How dare she belittle my parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ hard work! They both worked day and night trying to provide a better life for my sister and I and this is how she sees their work? I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even get to see my parents a lot of the time because one of them was always at work, and here my aunt sat in a huge house with a nice neighborhood, with a beautiful baby and a handsome husband and money so much that she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even know what to do with it, trying to tell me how terrible her life was. I kept my mouth closed because it was not my place to tell her these thoughts but more and more I became disappointed in my aunt. Why could she not be thankful and content with what she had? Her favorite subject of complaint was her husband; mostly, because he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t make enough money for her to stay at home but she also accused him of trying to avoid her and Luke because he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t to take any responsibility. She thought this because he was going to stay in a deployable unit but at the same time the reason he was doing that was for an education opportunity. There was no pleasing her, though; even the fact that Chris wanted to be the provider did not appease her. She had made a comment to me about how she would Ã¢â¬Å"Find Luke a new daddyÃ¢â¬ if she had to. This made me sick to my stomach that she would say such a thing but I guess that is what happens when you marry someone just because you Ã¢â¬Å" like to be married. Ã¢â¬ Marriage is not like playing house it is a gift God has given us to become one with another person you love. Everything I admired my aunt for pretty much washed away because of my experience this summer and I will not go back to live with her again. She will sit in her big house in a nice neighborhood, with a husband she dislikes, a job that makes good money, and rot because she does not know how to be content. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what I really want is to marry a man I love, give him beautiful children, and work at a job that I absolutely love; not a bunch of money with nothing to do with it. I can thank my aunt, though, for showing me how unhappy a person can be in their life because they focus their mind on only the negative and never any positive aspects of their lives.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Common Man as Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman What is tragedy? While the literal definition may have changed over the centuries, one man believed he knew the true meaning of a tragic performance. Aristotle belonged to the culture that first invented tragic drama Ã¢â¬â the ancient Greeks. Through this, he gave himself credibility enough to illustrate the universally necessary elements of tragic drama. In The Poetics, Aristotle gives a clear definition of a tragedy, writing that it is Ã¢â¬Å"an imitation, through action rather than narration, of a serious, complete, and ample action, by means of language rendered pleasant at different places in the constituent parts by each of the aids [used to make language more delightful], in which imitation there is also effected through pity and fear its catharsis of these and similar emotions.Ã¢â¬ Basically, Aristotle thinks a tragedy should be witnessed rather than related, use poetic imagery instead of dry language, and have a logical flow with an inevitable conclusion at the end tha t evokes a heightened emotional response from the audience. Ever since Aristotle applied logic to art in The Poetics, playwrights from all time periods and cultures have attempted to prove him wrong. Utilizing intuition and writing from the soul, many have succeeded and many have failed. However, the most commercially successful theatrical performances have tended to follow AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s rules of drama. Aristotle maintained that all tragedies be driven by plot and that the characters simply be plugged into the story line. Leading the charge is the Tragic Hero, the man (not woman) who ultimately suffers the tragic fate. As defined in The Poetics, the Tragic Hero is, Ã¢â¬Å"the man of much glory and good fortune... ...omanÃ¢â¬â¢s world and demonstrated the tragic possibilities that exist within a common manÃ¢â¬â¢s universe. In so doing, he expanded the definition of Tragic Hero and helped to revolutionize tragic drama beyond the twentieth century. Works Cited Epps, Preston H. (trans.). 1970. The Poetics of Aristotle. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press. Guth, Hans P. and Gabriel L. Rico. 1993. Discovering Literature. Ã¢â¬Å"Tragedy and the Common ManÃ¢â¬ by Arthur Miller. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Murphy, Brenda and Susan C. W. Abbotson. Understanding Death of a Salesman: A Student Handbook to Cases, Issues and Historical Documents. The Greenwood Press Ã¢â¬Å"Literature in ContextÃ¢â¬ series, Claudia Durst Johnson, series editor. Westwood, CT, London: 1999. Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. 50th Anniversary ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1999. Common Man as Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman Essay -- Death Salesm Common Man as Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman What is tragedy? While the literal definition may have changed over the centuries, one man believed he knew the true meaning of a tragic performance. Aristotle belonged to the culture that first invented tragic drama Ã¢â¬â the ancient Greeks. Through this, he gave himself credibility enough to illustrate the universally necessary elements of tragic drama. In The Poetics, Aristotle gives a clear definition of a tragedy, writing that it is Ã¢â¬Å"an imitation, through action rather than narration, of a serious, complete, and ample action, by means of language rendered pleasant at different places in the constituent parts by each of the aids [used to make language more delightful], in which imitation there is also effected through pity and fear its catharsis of these and similar emotions.Ã¢â¬ Basically, Aristotle thinks a tragedy should be witnessed rather than related, use poetic imagery instead of dry language, and have a logical flow with an inevitable conclusion at the end tha t evokes a heightened emotional response from the audience. Ever since Aristotle applied logic to art in The Poetics, playwrights from all time periods and cultures have attempted to prove him wrong. Utilizing intuition and writing from the soul, many have succeeded and many have failed. However, the most commercially successful theatrical performances have tended to follow AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s rules of drama. Aristotle maintained that all tragedies be driven by plot and that the characters simply be plugged into the story line. Leading the charge is the Tragic Hero, the man (not woman) who ultimately suffers the tragic fate. As defined in The Poetics, the Tragic Hero is, Ã¢â¬Å"the man of much glory and good fortune... ...omanÃ¢â¬â¢s world and demonstrated the tragic possibilities that exist within a common manÃ¢â¬â¢s universe. In so doing, he expanded the definition of Tragic Hero and helped to revolutionize tragic drama beyond the twentieth century. Works Cited Epps, Preston H. (trans.). 1970. The Poetics of Aristotle. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press. Guth, Hans P. and Gabriel L. Rico. 1993. Discovering Literature. Ã¢â¬Å"Tragedy and the Common ManÃ¢â¬ by Arthur Miller. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Murphy, Brenda and Susan C. W. Abbotson. Understanding Death of a Salesman: A Student Handbook to Cases, Issues and Historical Documents. The Greenwood Press Ã¢â¬Å"Literature in ContextÃ¢â¬ series, Claudia Durst Johnson, series editor. Westwood, CT, London: 1999. Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. 50th Anniversary ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1999.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The construction industry and its activities have an important role to play in socioeconomic development and quality of life. Construction activity accounts for more than 50% of the national outlays. Building Construction costs registered an increase in rates year after year at scales much faster than inflation. It is seen that in view of the increase in cost for basic input materials like steel, cement brick timber and other materials as well as the cost of construction labour, buildings cost increase at around 20% to 30% annually even when inflation is in single digit.Even though income levels of people are by and large brought in line with the levels of inflation through inflation indexed rise in salaries, year after year, housing is moving beyond the reach of the majority of the people. The reducing housing size for various categories in consecutive years in respect of the plinth areas, nature of specifications even with increased income levels would indicate the rapid increase i n cost of construction.The urban population growth has increased to more than 30%, and has made the need for adequate housing for low income people a very important concern for the government. However, the rush to respond to these needs seems to result in a low quality housing that does not adequately match the needs of these people. In countries where construction contributed 3-5% to GDP, an implication for development policy was that unless the construction industry grew faster than the economy as a whole it might constrain national development (Han and Ofori, 2001).The construction industry is a main contributor to the national economy, therefore the more developed the industry is the more the contribution to the economy. Similarly, a developing economy leads to more construction projects and purchasing ower means affordable projects. The interlink relation between the construction industry and the economy makes it clear that development can not occur without the other, although a growing construction industry does not necessarily mean a developing industry nor economy.In fact, the increase in construction prices could cause an artificial indication of the contribution of the construction industry to the GDP and economy. Furthermore the increase in construction costs always occurs faster than the increase in the GDP/capita. Approximate costs generally include mechanical and electrical installations, but exclude furniture, loose or special quipment, and external works. They also exclude fees for professional services and permission fees. The costs shown are appropriate to local specifications and standards.This should be borne in mind when attempting comparisons with similarly described building types in other countries. One of the main barriers to sustainability and sustainable construction will be affordability. The construction industry in developing countries cannot afford to make any dramatic changes but has to start improving the existing technology an d local resources it has. In less than two decades, the construction costs have increased by a considerable rate. This is in respect of the normal types of housing construction.Still higher levels of costs are registered for using better finishes and amenities. The current situation of un- affordability, necessitates the need for using economical solutions and appropriate designs and construction materials which can bring down the cost of construction within the affordability levels of the people, as identified in the Agenda 21 for sustainable construction in Developing Countries which concerns with construction economic efficiency through national and international housing policies that ensure adequate, affordable and sustainable housing.Authors such as Adebayo (2000), McIntosh (2000) and Aboutorabi (2000) has addressed out that the sustainability development of the built environment is significantly linked to affordability, and affordability will remain a key barrier to sustainabi lity. CONCLUSION The development of the construction industry should lead to affordable construction activities and materials, which is one of the main issues of sustainability in the developing countries. It seems that the development of the construction industry to achieve efficiency, quality, affordability and then sustainability is strongly tied to the economy.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
After spending a full week at the MARTI conference I decided to write about addiction, trauma and resiliency. The conference centered on these topics among others but specific topics hit home to me. There was a wealth of information on these terms and there was a great deal of succulent discussion about the long term effects of addiction. Addiction does not happen independently it many people and loved ones are affected by a personÃ¢â¬â¢s addiction. Addiction is defined as compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal; broadly: persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful (Merriam-Webster). According to Merriam-Webster trauma is a very difficult or unpleasant experience that causes someone to have mental or emotional problems usually for a long time. In my professional and personal experience trauma can last a life time if unsolved. Many people suffer trauma and can deal with trauma be functional individuals in society, but others have trouble coping with their issues which can result in long term effects on a person. So why can one person cope but not another person. I want to discuss issue in my paper and refer to conference presentations and current literature. How can one person be resilient and not another? I find this very interesting that one person can cope and deal fully with their trauma and someone elseShow MoreRelatedPart 1: Describe DonnaÃ¢â¬â¢S Story From A Problem Solving Perspective..995 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslook out for the best interests of the child and support Donna to be the best parent possible. In my opinion, the most pressing issue would be DonnaÃ¢â¬â¢s recent relapse of her alcohol addiction and the potential for a relapse in drug use. 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By being able to cope with normal stresses of life, this indicates that the person has resiliency throughout events that are considered normal. Tragic events that result in PTSD occurring are not Ã¢â¬ËnormalÃ¢â¬â¢ and therefore this means that even though the person has resiliency and can cope with normal stresses, tragic and extreme stresses cannot be coped with by p eople usually. This can sometimes result in Post Traumatic Stress DisorderRead MoreNortheast Treatment Center Is A Non Profit, Licensed And Accreditations Organization815 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTreatment Centers (NET), is a non-profit, licensed and accreditations organization. NET provide services for multiple populations based on the need assessed for the individual and or family. These services range from behavioral health, mental health, addiction, foster care, community-based, residential, and in-home social services to adults, adolescents, children and families. The agency has been in existence for over 40 years it was founded in 1970, NET is one of the largest behavioral health and socialRead MoreBurnout : Mental Health Professionals834 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat work within substance abuse treatment counseling (Knight, Landrum, Becan, Flynn, 2012). Stress is often induced by the mental health professionals encounters within therapy sessions (Craig Sprang, 2010). Likewise, counselors working with trauma victims experience damaged emotional well- beings that can affect the functioning of the therapist (Ben- Porat Itzhaky, 2011). According to Lee, Cho, Kissinger, and Ogle (2010), professional counselors experience many issues that cause burnoutRead MoreWorking With A Years Old Male Who Comes From A Lower Socioeconomic Background Essay1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI am currently working with a 30-year-old male who comes from a lower socioeconomic background. He has a history of incarceration, abuse, and addiction to drugs. He is currently sober, and has been for a few years. He is currently married, has three children, and is currently unemployed. He is living with his wife, children, and two siblings. They live in a 3-bedroom apartment, with his brother and sister. His wife is the only source of income for his family, and he does odd jobs to help pay forRead MoreAnalysis Of Denis Friske s Narrative Approach Essay1771 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesexperiences but act as guidance figures in clientÃ¢â¬â¢s lives towards their healing (Denis-Friske, 2014). As victims of abuse, giving people the time and space to create the ir own meanings in narrative making and focus on their inner characterÃ¢â¬â¢s strength and resiliency, people are made experts of their own lives by authoring their own stories and taking into control how they want to perceive their situation Ã¢â¬â in spite of adversity, strength can be recovered from deep within. It is important that counselors empowerRead MoreOverview of Canadian Aboriginal Women Trauma Caused by Colonialism3088 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesmain cause of trauma, intergenerational trauma, and marginalization of Canadian Aboriginal women who have lost their sense of health and wellness, which has led to countless disappearances and murders. Trauma can be defined as an Ã¢â¬Å"extreme, important event against a personÃ¢â¬â¢s body or self-conceptÃ¢â¬ (Frideres, 2011, p. 80), and unless measures are taken to counteract the serious injury and harm caused by trauma it can result in the inability of a person to self-heal (Frideres, 2011). Trauma in AboriginalRead MorePersuasive Essay : Gifted Child1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestake their unavoidable peal on the society. This information concerns every single being, and if circulated extensively enough, should lead to essential changes in humanity, above all to a standstill in the blind increase of fierceness. Childhood trauma may fuel a scope of a tireless psychiatric issue. One is the somatoform disorder, in which patients experience personal grievances with no perceptible restorative reason. Another is the frenzy issue with agoraphobia, in which patients encounter theRead MoreAttachment Between An Infant And A Caregiver1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshas shown that a variety o f styles can develop, depending on repeated interactions with the primary caregiver, during the highly impressionable first year of life. Babies who develop what is called secure attachment demonstrate the capacity for resiliency in the face of stressful situations. If left alone with a stranger, these babies respond by quickly feeling comforted once the caregiver returns. These babies indicate that they clearly prefer to be with the caregiver by greeting her with approving